Business is booming.

Weighing up the ESG data rush

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Visit our Moral Money hub for all the latest ESG news, opinion and analysis from around the FT

Microsoft is among the biggest fish in the environmental, social and governance (ESG) pond. The tech giant is the most widely held company among US ESG funds. And, as the second-best performer among Dow 30 companies this year, Microsoft has helped fuel ESG performance in 2021 and 2020.

But Microsoft’s lofty ESG reputation took a hit on Tuesday. At its annual meeting, a majority of shareholders defied Microsoft’s management and voted for a proposal calling on the company to reveal more about its handling of sexual harassment claims. This was the first time since at least 2000 that Microsoft has lost a vote on a shareholder proposal, according to ISS Corporate Solutions.

Microsoft revealed earlier this year that its board had hired an external company to look into a decades-old “intimate relationship” that co-founder Bill Gates had with an employee. Gates stepped down from the board before an investigation was completed, and the outcome of any inquiry has not been revealed.

If it were not readily apparent by now, the Microsoft vote underscores that the world’s giant investors are downright paranoid about what social risks might be lurking beneath the surface at well-performing companies.

Readers aspiring to higher standards in business may want to tune in to our full-day Investing for Good USA online event on Thursday. It features star guests ranging from Al Gore to Andre Agassi, in conversation with Moral Money writers and other FT journalists. If you’re a premium subscriber, you can get access for free through this link. — Patrick Temple-West

Does the world need a ‘Spotify of ESG?’

The number of data services that promise to help investors sort the green from the greenwash has exploded © Bloomberg

As interest in sustainable finance has exploded, so too have the number of data services from companies promising to help investors sort the green from the greenwash.

Today brings yet another product in this increasingly crowded space, one with a cute tagline: ESG Book from asset manager Arabesque is “the Spotify of ESG”, according to the company’s sustainability ratings head Daniel Klier.

The new product — launched in partnership with the International Finance Corporation, among others — offers scores on the environmental, social and governance performance of more than 9,000 companies. Basic access to the online database is free, in contrast with most similar offerings, but Arabesque will charge for additional analytics and other premium services.

The more high-quality data that is made available to investors, Klier said, the better the world’s chances of tackling the climate crisis in earnest. “Every industrial revolution, in my mind, needs fundamental reallocation of capital,” he said, adding that “financial markets are normally quite intelligent to reallocate capital if you give them good information”.

Yet that proposition is under increasingly heavy scrutiny from critics who warn that the mere proffering of data to investors will be far from enough to drive economic change at the scale required. Nadia Ameli, an academic at University College London, is among them.

The dramatic increase in ESG disclosures “is a solution proposed by the financial community, and it may protect the financial system from climate risks and instability”, Ameli told me. “But that doesn’t mean that this is going to support the low carbon transition.”

In a recent paper on this subject in Nature Climate Change, Ameli and two fellow UCL academics argue that while the rise of ESG ratings and disclosures might cause many investors to sell out of fossil fuel-related companies, “the tangible financial impact on fossil fuel finance and emissions reduction remains irrelevant”.

Meanwhile, they warn, there is no evidence that the transparency drive is doing much to redirect capital towards companies working to tackle the climate crisis.

The focus on transparency, they write, risks distracting from other policy areas that could prove vital — from new green factors in bank capital reserve requirements, to a serious integration of climate priorities into monetary policy.

Is Ameli correct to worry about an excessive focus on the power of disclosure? Or is Klier right to talk up the climate impact of market investors armed with better information? Let us know your thoughts at moralmoneyreply@ft.com. (Simon Mundy)

London Stock Exchange welcomes first B Corp

© Bloomberg

Over the past 14 years, the non-profit B Lab has awarded B Corp certificates to 4,000 companies that meet its exceptionally high standards of social and environmental performance. But only 29 of those companies are publicly listed, reflecting the tension between the demands of shareholders and those of B Lab.

And today, tech consultancy Kin + Carta will become the UK’s first listed B Corp as it joins the less than 1 per cent of B Corp certified businesses that are publicly traded.

“[B Corp] commitments have accelerated our performance,” J Schwan, chief executive at Kin + Carta, told Moral Money.

Schwan said the company’s performance, in terms of investor relations and employee recruitment, has improved since the shareholder vote to approve the B Corp status in September.

To secure B Corp certification, companies must submit to a months-long evaluation process, aimed at identifying companies with best-in-class standards of positive impact, public transparency and “legal accountability to balance profit and purpose”.

Some executives seeking to embrace the B Corp philosophy have run into trouble with investors. Emmanuel Faber was ousted this year as chief executive of Danone, the French food company that is B Corp certified in North America, amid shareholder unrest over a sustainability drive.

But momentum continues, with the number of certified B Corps steadily ticking up. In continental Europe, even the luxury fashion business is starting to show interest. Prada chief executive Patrizio Bertelli is planning to let his son, Lorenzo, take over the business sooner than expected. When the younger Bertelli set out his long-term strategy for the company, he unveiled the goal of achieving B Corp status.

Lorenzo, 33, may see B Corp certification as a way to keep luxury in the minds, and hands, of younger, sustainability driven consumers. If Prada, which is based in Italy but listed in Hong Kong, does receive B Corp certification, it would be the first Italian luxury brand — and only the second luxury brand in the world to do so. France’s Chloé was certified in October.

As more listed companies pursue B Corp status, they’ll need to carefully weigh the focus on “profit with purpose”. While the certification could provide a reputational boost among increasingly watchful consumers, it may spook some shareholders. (Kristen Talman)

Tips from Tamami

Nikkei’s Tamami Shimizuishi helps you stay up to date on stories you may have missed from the eastern hemisphere.

While India and China attracted many headlines during COP26, other big emitters, such as Iran, largely escaped the spotlight.

As the world’s eighth largest emitter, Iran is one of the few countries in the world that has yet to ratify the Paris Agreement — but the country did send a delegation to Glasgow.

At the summit, Iran backed India’s effort to “water down” an agreement to phase out coal and fossil fuel subsidies. Less global fossil fuel consumption means less oil and gas income, the backbone of the country’s economy, said Kaveh Madani, research professor at the City College of New York.

Iran also tried to use the climate meetings as an opportunity to call for lifting sanctions, arguing that the penalties restrict its ability to fight climate change. Ali Salajegheh, head of Iran’s Department of Environment, told the BBC that Iran would ratify the Paris Agreement if all sanctions were lifted.

Madani, who led the country’s delegation at COP23 in 2017, said he was surprised to hear such “a strong verbal commitment” from Salajegheh. But Madani pointed out that such a decision could not be made alone in Iran. Ratification would have to pass through a rightwing parliament that was generally suspicious of international agreements.

There was rising hope, however, that Iran would eventually ratify the agreement as nuclear talks with the US and its allies resumed earlier this week.

“A successful outcome of the negotiations would likely have some impact on climate policy,” said Mia Moisio, an analyst NewClimate Institute, a German think-tank.

Chart of the day

Chart showing survey responses to Q: Which of one these approaches to net zero appeals to you most as an investor?

To encourage companies to reduce carbon emissions, most investment managers and asset owners prefer to use their influence rather than divest, but post-COP26 data show the tides are shifting, according to a new report from global investment manager Ninety One.

Ahead of the UN climate conference, 55 per cent of investors preferred to use influence over divestment. That figure is now down to 45 per cent, according to the report. The number of companies that would choose to divest has also increased — up 6 percentage points, from 30 per cent ahead of the Glasgow summit.

Smart Watch

  • At today’s Global Banking Summit, Moral Money’s Gillian Tett asked executives from Citi, Standard Chartered, Deutsche Bank and McKinsey how they are setting targets to eliminate carbon emissions from their portfolios. While McKinsey’s Daniel Mikkelsen likened the situation to “flying a plane while trying to build it”, banks are making progress on releasing disclosure guidelines. Tune in to hear how banks are setting goals leading up to 2050, and the growing debate around absolute emissions vs carbon intensity.

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    If you’re facing a drug test at short notice then you could be in real trouble. Thankfully though, there are some strategies you can use to pass a urine test or a mouth swab drug test in that short space of time.
    But can you genuinely learn how to pass a drug test in just 24 hours? Is it even possible, and if it is, how risky is it?
    In this complete guide, you’re going to learn everything about the best ways to pass a drug test with very little notice. We will cover the strategies for passing a urine drug test, an oral drug test, and a hair drug test.
    By the end of this guide, you will know exactly how drug metabolites work, what the strategies are, which products to use to pass a drug test and how to use them.
    –>Click Here To Purchase The Best Detox Products Online <–
    What Defines “Short Notice” For Drug Test?
    If you’re here because you’re facing a drug test tomorrow, literally within the next 24 hours, then the bad news is that you are really going to struggle. You’ll need to grab something locally and there’s not going to be a lot available, even if you live in a big city.
    In this guide I will cover a couple of the best emergency strategies for you though, just in case, you can get access to specialist products right now. But if you think you could face a drug test with just 24 hours' notice, and you have even three or four days before you think that could happen, then there’s plenty you can do.
    How Long Do Drug Metabolites Stay In Your Body?
    Unfortunately, how long drug metabolites stay in the body is an open-ended question. There’s no real proper answer.
    You can search online and you’ll see some ideal maximum times. Things like this for urine drug testing:
    Weed stay in your urine for up to 72 hours
    Cocaine up to 72 hours
    Amphetamines up to 48 hours
    Benzodiazepines up to 96 hours
    Methadone up to 5 days
    The problem with all of those is they are averages. They are also averages for light users.
    All of these factors will increase the time dramatically:
    Taking high doses taking more regular doses (than a couple of times per week)
    Your metabolism
    Age and fitness
    Diet and exercise
    On top of that, some drugs stay in the body much longer. Cannabis and benzodiazepines are classic examples of this:
    Slow-release benzos, especially if you are taking in every day, can be found in the body for up to 6 weeks.
    Weed metabolites can cling to fat cells in the body and have been found to still be in the body up to 12 weeks after the last joint.
    If it’s been less than a week since you last took drugs, and you’re taking them more than once per week in the weeks leading up to that, then if you face a drug test at short notice, especially 24 hours' notice, then you will almost certainly test positive.
    Strategy #1 Fake Urine: Easiest Way To Pass A Urine Drug Test
    The absolute best way to pass a drug test in 24 hours is synthetic urine. It can be prepared in a short space of time, so you can submit your sample with virtually no notice at all. However, this only works if it’s an unsupervised drug test. That’s where you are allowed to go behind a screen, or even into a different room in order to submit your sample.
    If it’s a supervised/observed drug test then you cannot use fake urine. Don’t try and use one of those stupid fake penis devices, they won’t fool anyone if they are standing there looking at you, even indirectly.
    However, if it’s unsupervised, then the best fake urine will pass almost any level of scrutiny.
    Some people think that every urine sample undergoes some massive digital analysis. That’s not actually the case. This is what happens:
    First, the temperature is tested within two minutes of the sample is done. It has to be between 90В°F and 100В°F to be legal.
    Shortly after, validity checks will be done. This is a dipstick test usually. It’s then tested against panels that react to different things. It will look for adulteration, the presence of nitrates, and the presence of other things which are common for adulterated samples.
    If it passes the validity checks then it is simply tested against a drug panel kit. Not a digital analysis, just a standard panel kit like you can buy from a shop (although it’s more high-quality).
    So note here that only if they have huge suspicion about your sample would they send it off for an expensive gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis.  That’s when all fake urine will fall down because it does a full analysis of the composition of the urine, and it will spot that some things which should be in urine aren’t there.
    But generally, for low-level drug testing, good quality fake urine is going to pass 99% of the time. Studies analyzing historically submitted samples have shown that this is the case.
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    1. Don’t Buy These Fake Urine Products
    There are a lot of fake urine products out there to choose from. However, a lot of them are awful.
    The reason is that fake urine has to have the following construction as a minimum:
    Urea
    Uric acid
    Creatinine
    Balanced for ph
    Balanced for specific gravity
    Contains other common chemicals
    Looks and froths like urine
    The problem is that most fake urine out there doesn’t even tick those basic boxes. Some of it is just fetish urine, some of it is poor quality, and some of it contains detectable elements.
    The detectable element, the common footprint, that many drug testing labs look for now is biocide-based preservatives. Simply by looking for those they can rule out many fake samples. This was established about four years ago when a lot of brands started failing.
    These are the fake urine brands I would recommend you stay away from because of everything I’ve just talked about:
    Magnum
    Urine Luck
    U Pass
    Ultra Klean
    Synthetix5
    2. The Top Three Synthetic Urine Brands
    Let’s now talk about the top three urine products that will pass scrutiny. These are genuinely complex and high-quality. They have long track records of passing drug tests.
    Sub Solution Powdered Urine Kit
    The best synthetic urine kit is Sub Solution. It’s the best combination of price, complexity, and control. It costs $85. Sub Solution is a powder that you mix up with filtered water. This adds an extra step, but it’s only a small one.
    There’s no other preparation with Sub Solution because it uses heat activator powder, meaning no heatpad to deal with.
    All you have to do is tap in about one-third of the heat activator powder into the sample just before you go to submit it, shake it gently until it dissolves, and the temperature will rise. Keep adding powder until it gets within the correct temperature range.
    That’s it with Sub Solution. It’s beautifully complex, containing 14 things found in urine, it’s perfectly balanced, and it looks and froths like urine. Click Here to buy Sub Solution from the manufacturer.
    Quick Luck Premixed Synthetic Urine
    This is the most expensive fake urine on the market. It’s actually the big brother of Sub Solution. It costs $100 and is made by the same company, Clear Choice.
    The only real difference is that it contains a heatpad in the kit, and it’s premixed. So it gives you an extra heating control mechanism, and you don’t need to mix it with filtered water.
    So, Quick Luck is better for on-the-job drug testing. If you got a drug test at really short notice, it’s perfect because using the heat activator powder, in less than two minutes, you can have a viable sample.
    Again, it’s beautifully balanced, looks and froths like urine, and the heat activator powder is the game changer that gives you complete control over the temperature sample.
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    Quick Fix 6.3 Synthetic Urine
    The third fake urine brand of choice is Quick Fix. It’s the budget option, but still decent. The small size costs just $30 and Quick Fix “plus” costs just $10 more. Don’t be fooled by the plus bit, it’s exactly the same fake urine, you just get more of it.
    Quick Fix is premixed. It’s also good enough to contain the basics of urea, uric acid, and creatinine. It’s balanced, and it sort of looks like urine. For the price, it’s good.
    The downside is it uses heatpad. It’s a good one, but it does mean that the temperature it’s kicking out is going to be slightly variable. It’s essential that you check the temperature just before you go to submit your sample and alter it if necessary (hot water in a flask is ideal for this).
    But, if you don’t care that much about the drug test, or there’s nothing else available, then Quick Fix is the best budget fake urine brand out there and it definitely does not contain biocide preservatives.
    3. How To Prepare For A Drug Test
     If you’re in real trouble and facing a drug test in 24 hours, say tomorrow, and you live in a big city, then you could grab some Quick Fix.
    Quick Fix is available in quite a few smoke shops and alternative shops in cities in America. Just check it’s fresh stock because they don’t sell very many and it can go out of date and go off.
    My advice though is to invest in a box of Sub Solution or Quick Luck right now. Get them in stock and then you will never have to worry. The same applies to all detox products, passing a drug test in 24 hours is not that difficult, but you need to be prepared.
    4. Instructions For Passing A Test Using Fake Urine
    If you are facing a urine drug test and you need to submit a fake sample, it’s pretty easy to do. Just don’t panic, and make sure you’re prepared.
    If you need to use a heatpad, heat your sample in the microwave to give it a head start. Strap the heatpad to it, and then tuck the sample in your crotch under your underwear. That keeps it snug and it keeps it closer to body temperature.
    Also, you can’t be intimately searched. So putting the sample there and wearing baggy jogging bottoms means less chance of detection.
    If you’re using Quick Fix then you’ll have to check the temperature before you enter the building. If it has cooled then use hot water from a flask to lift the temperature sample.
    If you’re using Sub Solution or Quick Luck, it’s simply a case of tapping in enough heat activator powder to get the sample as close to 100°F as possible without going over.
    Strategy #2 Drug Detox Drinks: Best Way To Clean Out Your System Temporary
    If you’re facing a supervised drug test, where somebody will be observing you, or you just don’t have the guts to smuggle a sample in, then drug detox drinks are the only real alternative for a urine drug test.
    A detox drink does the following when you drink it (as long as it’s good quality):
    Flushes out the toxins in your body
    Accelerates and removes more toxins than water alone
    Floods the body with things found in urine so they appear in it
    Floods the body with things that can color your urine more naturally
    A detox drink is merely a masking agent. In working, it creates a gap in the toxin flows into the bladder. It pushes them out at an accelerated rate, creating a gap of a few hours during which you can submit a clean sample. So don’t think that it’s the best detox for a drug test it’s just a temporary solution. The fastest way to clean your system is doing natural detox combined with detox pills, but since it’s not possible in 24 hours, we didn’t mention it in the article.
    1. Instructions For Using A Detox Drink
    These are the instructions you need to follow for using a cleansing drink:
    You’ll need to try and do a 24-hour drug detox before the day of your test if possible, preferably longer. If it’s really short notice though, you’ll have to just hope the detox drink has the potency to create a gap in your toxin flow and keep your urine natural.
    Drink the contents of the bottle for about 10 minutes. Refill it with water and drink that if instructed to.
    Over the next hour urinate at least three times, preferably more. This will ensure the bladder is empty and toxins are all removed.
    Detox drink makers claim will have up to 5 hours clean, but if you are someone who is regularly taking drugs and you could have a high level of toxins in your body, say you are taking methamphetamine frequently, then it could be two or three hours.
    2. These Are The Top Two Best Detox Drinks To Use
    Mega Clean is one of the best detox drinks out there. On its own though, it’s not the most potent. As a plan B, you can grab it from somewhere like Walmart or Walgreens for a short-notice drug test. It could work.
    But it’s best bought from Test Clear. You’ll get six pre-rid pills bundled in, which is enough for a 24-hour potent detox. Obviously, you’ll need those 24 hours before the day of your test though.
    The best detox drink on its own is Rescue Cleanse. You don’t need to drink additional water, and it’s definitely got the best formula. I passed a drug test using this. You should still do the 24-hour detox if possible though, especially if you’ve got high levels of toxins in your body. It’s not available in smoke shops, click here to buy it online.
    Strategy #3: Passing A Saliva Drug Test
    Mouth swab drug testing is becoming more common. It’s cheap and anyone can administer it. Even police on the roadside, on the spot at work, so it is insidious and dangerous. But thankfully, it’s quite easy to pass a saliva drug test if you know how and you have the tools in stock.

    1. Passing An Oral Drug Test Naturally
    If you’ve got low levels of toxins in your body, say you smoke a couple of joints at the start of the week and you only do that infrequently, then it could be enough to just brush your teeth several times, use plenty of mouthwash, and chew gum.
    That, drinking plenty of water, urinating, exercising, and generally churning the saliva through your mouth and out of your body, will mean that you test negative more quickly.
    2. Use Toxin Flushing Mouthwash
    If you got high levels of toxins in your body, then a toxin-neutralizing mouthwash could be the way forward for you. They only cost about $30. Ultra Klean and Toxin Wash are two of the best brands.
    Wash out your mouth with half the liquid, spit it out, and then repeat the process with the other. You’ll be clean in about 60 seconds. The effects will last for 15 minutes. On the downside though, you can’t really swallow that much liquid, and you’ll have a bottle to dispose of. So not ideal for on-the-side-of-the-road drug testing, or on-the-spot at work testing.
    3. Best Strategy: Oral Clear Gum
    The best strategy for passing an oral drug test at short notice is definitely to use Oral Clear gum. It’s not actually gummed at all. It’s a capsule of very concentrated mouthwash. It’s incredibly discreet because of this.
    You can even use it with someone in front of you. Cup the capsule in the palm of your hand and cough. Place your hand over your mouth, and push it in. Then, while pretending to still cough a bit, pop the capsule and move the liquid around in your mouth for about 30 seconds.
    If they ask you what you are doing, you can say were choking on a piece of gum. Then swallow, and there’s no evidence you have used it.
    Oral Clear isn’t cheap. It costs $90 for a single capsule. But it’s incredibly potent, discreet, and the absolute best way to pass.
    Strategy #4 Passing A Hair Follicle Drug Test
    The bad news is that if you are facing a hair drug test at short notice then there is no way out of it. You simply cannot pass a hair drug test in 24 hours. However, with a few days notice it is possible to flush out the toxins in your hair.
    Why The Hair Follicle Drug Test Is So Dangerous
    Hair drug testing is very dangerous because drug toxins get trapped inside the hair shaft. When you take drugs, they move around your bloodstream and get stuck in the hair follicle. When it grows, they get trapped in the hair shaft and form an indelible record of your drug use.
    The sample they take is from the scalp at the follicle and then cut so that it represents 90 days of growth. Legally, they can only test your previous 90 days' hair growth. So if you haven’t taken anything in the past 90 days, then you should be okay.
    The problem is that to get rid of the drug metabolites in your hair, you have to somehow open up the hard cuticle layer (microscopic scales that overlap to protect the inner hair shaft) and flush out the toxins without destroying the hair.
    This Is The Only Method That Will Pass A Hair Drug Test
    The only method that will pass a hair drug test is called the Macujo method.
    It uses Aloe toxin rid shampoo alongside household ingredients to chemically work together to open up the cuticle layer and flush out the toxins. It then conditions the hair and ensures it isn’t damaged.
    The problem is it takes several runs through this method to get rid of all the toxins. Once per day for seven days is ideal. If you’ve got three days, then twice per day will still give you six times and a great chance of passing.
    With light levels of toxin exposure, even twice per day for two days leading up to a test could be enough. But it gets progressively more of a gamble.
    https://googleee.com

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